By studying Japanese films and their associated literature, Tamae K. Prindle in Women in Japanese Cinema reveals the covert stories of Japanese women versus orthodox history. “Mother,” “Wife,” “Prostitute,” “Girl” and “Woman,” represent categories the public used to code Japanese women in the pre-feminist age. Each chapter features three films depicting women in the premodern age, in the World War II period, and in late twentieth-century Japan, and each embraces the three films within the perspective of ecological feminism, sexuality, alienation, illusion, and power-over/power-to. Shedding light on cultural, historical, and/or ideological backgrounds of the films under study in important new ways, this book breaks new ground in the study of women in Japanese culture.